Robotic Spine Surgery

Robotic spine surgery, also known as robot-assisted spine surgery, refers to the utilization of robotic technology to aid in guiding spinal neurosurgical procedures.

Traditionally, neurosurgeons have relied on manual placement of instrumentation in the spine, using their expertise in anatomy and X-ray imaging. Operating in small corridors near critical nerves, especially in minimally invasive procedures with tiny incisions, demands steady hands. However, spine surgery can be taxing and lengthy, leading to potential fatigue in neurosurgeons.

Robotic spine surgery offers a solution to these challenges. Robots possess the capability to execute repetitive tasks tirelessly and consistently, reducing the risk of errors due to fatigue and potentially yielding more predictable outcomes for patients. By eliminating the variability in a surgeon’s hand steadiness, robots enhance the precision of procedures, particularly those involving the placement of rods or screws. They can navigate exact programmed positions with precision, enabling surgeons to maneuver accurately even in tight spaces or in patients with complex anatomies.

Moreover, utilizing robotic guidance instead of relying solely on imaging guidance reduces radiation exposure for patients, surgeons, and operating room staff, promoting a safer surgical environment.

Benefits of Robotic Spine Surgery:

  1. Enhanced Precision: Robotic systems offer sub-millimeter precision, allowing surgeons to target specific areas of the spine with unparalleled accuracy, minimizing the risk of damage to surrounding tissues.
  2. Minimally Invasive: Robotic-assisted techniques enable minimally invasive procedures, resulting in smaller incisions, reduced blood loss, and faster recovery times for patients compared to traditional open surgeries.
  3. Improved Outcomes: By facilitating precise implant placement and alignment, robotic spine surgery can lead to improved surgical outcomes, reduced complications, and enhanced patient satisfaction.
  4. Optimized Workflow: Robotic systems streamline surgical workflows by providing real-time feedback to surgeons, optimizing intraoperative decision-making and enhancing overall efficiency in the operating room.

Procedures Performed with Robotic Spine Surgery:

  1. Spinal Fusion: Robotic technology is commonly used in minimally invasive anterior, lateral, and posterior fusion fusion procedures to stabilize and fuse vertebrae together, alleviating pain and restoring spinal alignment in patients with conditions such as degenerative disc disease and spinal deformities.
  2. Disc Replacement: Robotic-assisted disc replacement involves the precise removal of damaged intervertebral discs and the placement of artificial disc implants, preserving spinal mobility and function while reducing the risk of adjacent segment degeneration.
  3. Tumor Resection: Robotic systems enable precise tumor resection in the spine, allowing surgeons to safely remove cancerous or benign tumors while minimizing damage to surrounding nerves and tissues.
  4. Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty: Robotic guidance enhances the accuracy of vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty procedures, which involve injecting bone cement into fractured vertebrae to stabilize compression fractures caused by osteoporosis or trauma.
  5. Minimally Invasive Decompression Surgery
  6. Revision surgery after previous surgeries for conditions such as spondylolisthesis, stenosis, spondylolysis, vertebral fractures, and osteomyelitis

Are you suitable for robotic spine surgery?

Want to learn more about MISS and if it’s right for you? Request an appointment for an evaluation with one of our spine specialists to discover whether you’re a candidate for the many benefits of robotic spine surgery.

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